The State Board of Pardons and Paroles has declined to commute the death sentence of J.W. Ledford. His execution is scheduled to be carried out Tuesday, May 16. It will be the first one this year. Georgia has long played a central role in the death penalty debate. How Georgia cases have shaped the rules around capital punishment is the subject of a conversation we had with Sarah Turberville of The Constitution Project and Michael Mears of Atlanta’s John Marshall Law School.